Loss of vision can be sudden or gradual, it can be complete when it involve both eyes or it can be partial when only one eye is affected.
Vision loss is considered loss of sight that cannot be corrected to normal level by use of eye glasses. It is totally different from blindness which mostly occurs right from birth.
- Diabetes, it is major cause of vision loss among elderly.
- Macular degeneration.
- Accidents such as and spot injuries.
Partial vision loss may differ depending on the cause, for example.
Cataract vision loss is characterized by cloudy or fuzzy vision, while a lot of light will cause glare.
People who suffer vision impairment out of diabetes, they will have blurred vision, difficult seeing at night and missing area of vision.
With macular degeneration, the side vision will remain normal but central vision will be gradually lost.
Other causes include:
- Obstructed blood vessels
- Difficulties of premature birth.
- Difficulties of eye surgery.
- Lazy eyes.
- Tumors, for example, retinoblastoma.
For those complete vision loss, you they will not drive and perform most of domestic chores, thus they will need to be assisted. For those suffering partial vision loss, they will be assisted in some activities that requires in-depth observation such as driving and sewing.
Coping with vision loss
Vision loss is a very difficult condition that requires a lot of moral support. But some causes such as diabetes and some corneal diseases can be treated so that vision is restored or maintained.
Some conditions especially those that arises out of chemical or spot injuries may not be treated and this may lead to blindness.
You can cope with vision loss by;
Discussing with your eye doctor (we suggest Dr Michael A McMann MD), if you are employed, you need to talk with your boss so that you can be assigned duties that will not put you into risk or those that you may not be able to handle.
Look for Therapeutic Counseling
Vision loss is a major traumatizing life event that can bring loneliness, depression and anxiety. You need to seek counseling and family members should be supportive to ensure patient does not suffer such feelings.
The patient may also attend some classes that will enable him/her to live confidently with some self-independence.
Patient may also use low vision aids such as:
- Telescope glasses.
- Lenses that will filter light.
- Hand magnifier.
- Reading prism.
For chemical and spot injuries, ensure your eyes are free from chemical or any material that may injure your eyes.
Loss of vision as a result of diseases can be mitigated by seeking medical attention immediately you notice some sort of vision impairment.
It is good to have good diet such as carrots will help in lowering the risk of suffering vision loss.